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'Autistic savant' means a person with autism who has a special skill. 'Autistic savant' means a person with autism who has a special skill. Traits and symptoms that Dr. Asperger described in his group of Asperger’s patients were similar in many respects to Autistic Disorder, but included some unique characteristics as well. Often commented upon as a special trait of Asperger’s is poor motor coordination with clumsy, peculiar gaits. Hyperlexia Type 3; There were no differences between high functioning autism and Asperger’s Syndrome on measurements of total cerebral volume (total, gray and white tissue), nor were there any differences between the Asperger’s patients and the matched control group of non-disabled individuals in this regard. In the aggregate he listed, in part, these findings and characteristics: a lack of eye contact, not being sure whether the child is looking into the far distance, or inward; paucity of facial and gestural expression; flat, emotionally toneless language not directed to the addressee but often as if spoken into empty space; special abilities interwoven with disabilities; unusual interest in natural sciences, complex calculations or calendar calculating; exceptional rote memory; limitations in social relationships; intellect generally above average, but very scattered in distribution and lacking harmony between intellect and affect; pronounced likes and dislikes with respect to taste; hypersensitivity to tactile sensation and/or to sound, although hyposensitivity to sound can be seen as well; intense interest in collecting things with strong attachment to those objects, compared to attachment to persons; absence of a sense of humor; marked predominance of boys to girls with this disorder; predilection for only children; a marked genetic component with related family traits in every single case where it was possible to trace such; many fathers who occupied high positions and ancestors of intellectuals for several generations; a high proportion of such autistic persons in whom work performance can be excellent and which can provide some social integration. 'Savant… One of the great mysteries of brain development is the way that even as some capaciti Autism / Aspergers vs Hyperlexia vs Einstein Syndrome – Part 1 Posted on February 21, 2017 by planetalphabet Many people whose children have displayed strong autistic traits, but have also shown very early reading and decoding skills, or a pre-occupation with letters and numbers at an early age, have discovered Hyperlexia. Aspergers and savant syndrome are two different things. Much more additional, useful information about Asperger’s Syndrome can be found at http://www.aspergersyndrome.org/. In both Autistic Disorder and Asperger’s nonverbal communication is flat with staring through, rather than, at persons and repetitive activities are preferred with resistance to change and intense attachments to particular possessions. I have always had creative/artistic skills which are well-developed, and without having had any specific training to achieve them. Studies have shown that families with an increased likelihood of having autistic children also have an increased chance of producing savants . But surprisingly, only one year earlier, a continent away, Dr. Kanner independently applied the term Early Infantile Autism to a group of 11 patients he had seen with also very unique, but nearly uniform symptoms. Asperger’s Disorder is at the higher end of that spectrum, in fact sometimes being referred to as High Functioning Autism. Steven Silverman examines the concentration and increasing numbers of Asperger’s and Autistic persons in the Silicon Valley in an in-depth article on this phenomenon in the magazine Wired, in the December 2001 issue. The condition can be congenital or be acquired by an otherwise normal individual following CNS injury or disease. With the right supports and… Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Intelligence tests, developmental screenings, skills tests, and aptitude assessments can all identify extreme talent in specific areas that can indicate symptoms of savant syndrome. The high skills of Savant syndrome can manifest in early childhood, even if the child does not attend school. How differently does savant syndrome manifests itself than aspergers? Dr. Asperger, in Austria, had never heard of Dr. Leo Kanner, in the United States. From prior studies a consensus generally seems to be developing that abnormalities in gray matter development, as opposed to total brain volume, seem to be the defining feature of autism compared to control groups. A Swedish study in 1989 suggested that Asperger’s Disorder may occur in as many as 26 of 10,000 children. Even though the person who has Asperger’s may have great expressive language skills, he or she will have problems communicating due to trouble interpreting other people’s social cues. Autism is generally defined by mental disabilities or retardedness. Well, actually, there are quite noticeable differences. __________________________________________________________________. cause of Autistic savantism. This may include rapid calculation, artistic ability, map making, or musical ability. ... Their hyperlexia is viewed as a splinter skill, a “savant” ability as some may call it. However, Savant syndrome is having special skills like mathematics, arts, music and others in a tremendous amount. The skills that savants excel at are generally related to memory. This ability, sometimes called savant syndrome, is an example of a splinter skill—a talent or ability that is unrelated to other aspects of a person's life. So this study does not settle the question, but it does point in the direction that there are some basic qualitative neurodevelopmental and neurobiological differences between high functioning autism and Asperger’s syndrome, and that they are not merely the same condition on spectrum that separates them only quantitatively. Savant skills are occasionally found in people with other types of intellectual disability and in the non-disabled population, so most researchers use the term 'savant syndrome' instead of autistic savant. Agnesian HealthCare is a member of SSM Health. 'Savant… There are many similarities in autism and Asperger syndrome, also known as Asperger’s disorder. Savant syndrome is a condition where prodigious talent can co-occur with developmental conditions such as autism spectrum conditions (autism). However, Savant Syndrome can also be acquired because of a serious brain injury. There is not a total overlapping between autism and savant syndrome, but 30% of subjects with autism have savant syndrome (Howlin et al. There are around 700,000 autistic people in the UK – that's more than 1 in 100. Unremarkable early life to age 18 suggest Schizophrenia assuming criteria are met. Savant skills, while not universally present in Asperger’s persons, are very common, and generally include prodigious memory. Dr Darold Treffert is The Leading Expert and Top Researcher in the Field of Savant Syndrome. Asperger’s syndrome (AS) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be familiar terms for parents today. Start studying FINAL -- Aspergers and Savant Syndrome. It dont mean a thing if it aint got that swing, Rex Lewis-Clack croons, his head joyfully bobbing in time with the Duke Ellington standard. These skills may be associated with the unusual eye for detail typical of autism. negative nature of the term idiot savant, sa vant syndrome" has begun to replace the older term. Individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome, known as Aspergians, suffer from a number of impairments, namely social, but also can have challenges with motor skills. However while savant syndrome can occur in persons where Mental Retardation is the basic CNS disorder, savant syndrome can also be seen in persons with IO’s below 70 as a finding or symptom where the basic developmental disorder is instead Autism, Asperger’s, Hyperlexia, PDD or Williams Syndrome, for example, or a number of other conditions following CNS injury or disease. Liberally laced in that lengthy paper, alongside some scientific and medical terms and astute observations are the words and actions that Dr. Asperger felt make a difference in the lives of these extraordinary people, whatever the cause of the condition: “true understanding; acceptance; love; guidance; exceptional human beings; special difficulties; genuine care; kindness; sensitivity; humour; outstanding achievements; dedicated and loving educators; determination; absolutely dedicated; and a right and a duty to speak out for these children with the whole force of our personality.”. Savant syndrome is a rare and extraordinary condition that is present in significantly higher ratios in people with autism. There is also a strong positive genetic correlation between the two phenomena. Overall, approximately 10% of autistic persons exhibit savant abilities; roughly 50% of those with savant syndrome have autism, and the remaining 50% have other forms of developmental disability. Some people on … That article points up the natural affinity of high functioning autistic persons for computer and related occupations, and examines genetic and environmental reasons why there might be such a startling increase of Autism and Asperger’s disorders as has been reported in California generally, and in the Silicon Valley specifically. Savant syndrome is exceedingly rare, but a remarkable condition in which persons with autism, or other serious mental handicaps, or major mental illness, have astonishing islands of ability or brilliance that stand out in stark contrast to their overall disability. Several distinctive features of Asperger’s are generally described: (1) clumsiness and poor motor coordination, not regularly seen in autism; (2) a higher level of social functioning than seen in autistic persons but containing unusual, peculiar and naïve social interactions; (3) the use of facile, expansive language in several favorite subject areas but with no grasp of the meaning of words used, in contrast to mutism or globally impaired speech so often characteristic of autism; and (4) an average or above average measured IQ. But just as the broad term “mental retardation” encompasses a whole number of subgroups such as Down’s Syndrome or phenylketonuria, for example, with widely differing causes, so the term “autism” or “Autistic Disorder,” likewise encompasses a number of subgroups which share similar symptoms as a final common path, but those subgroups have widely differing causes—some genetic, some environmental, some developmental, and some acquired. • Jerry Newport is an author, savant, and has Asperger's syndrome • Matt Savage, U.S. autistic jazz prodigy. Autism is often associated with Savant Syndrome. High-Functioning Autism specifically applies to children with autism who have an IQ of 70 or higher and exhibit milder symptoms. However, stimulus and intense practice can be crucial components for the improvement of Savant skills. The DSM-IV refers to the basic triad of problems: impaired social communication, impaired social interaction and restricted behaviour patterns. His drawings include large cities with futuristic dates. Asperger’s Syndrome is one of the disorders that is generally considered high functioning on the Autism spectrum. Very significant savant skills (Autistic savant) put Autism/Asperger’s Syndrome at the top of the differential diagnosis. Asperger's is an old diagnosis encompassing what is now Autism Spectrum Disorder type I, often (controversially, at least within the autistic community) referred to as high-functioning autism. Savant skills are strongly linked to autism; 10–30% of people with autism may demonstrate a savant skill. Asperigans show a great skill in their area of interest at an early age and proceed to effectively excel at it later in life. However, only 50% of children with Aspergers actually have this ability. • Jerry Newport is an author, savant, and has Asperger's syndrome • Matt Savage, U.S. autistic jazz prodigy. In 1944 an Austrian pediatrician, Hans Asperger, wrote a doctoral thesis in which he described four patients with rather severe but characteristic psychiatric and social impairments who showed exceptional skill or talent disproportionate to very uneven intellectual ability. He points out forcefully that “exceptional human beings must be given exceptional educational treatment, treatment which takes into account their special difficulties. the ‘little professor’ or ‘geek’ syndrome.” It examines the apparent “explosion” in Autism and Asperger’s cases, especially in the Silicon Valley in California, raising the question of whether the reported increase in cases represents an actual rise in the number of new cases or rather simply a broadening of diagnosis. While Will does have markers of ASD, including his obsessive preoccupation with his career and serial killers, there's little else about his character that would suggest a proper diagnosis could be made. 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