Maslow deferred to Freud for his groundbreaking work in understanding human dysfunction. In 2002 Israeli-American psychologist and bestselling author Daniel Kahneman was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Gottesman also founded the earliest U.S. academic program on behavioral genetics, and his research confirmed the undeniable role genetics plays in schizophrenia. This list includes notable psychologists and contributors to psychology, some of whom may not have thought of themselves primarily as psychologists but are included here because of their important contributions to the disc.. More Health Topics to Explore Reicher is at present a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. In 1973 Gessmann established the Psychotherapeutic Institute Bergerhausen in his hometown of Duisburg, which currently trains over 1,500 psychotherapists. They evaluate and study the mental process and are clinically qualified to help sufferers cope effectively from life issues and mental health. There are plenty of famous clinical psychologists who have helped us open up the mind and begin to solve some of its mysteries. The human mind is an interesting place, that we’re only just beginning to understand. Health psychologists also use their skills to try to improve the healthcare system. The field of psychology explores concepts like perception, cognition, attention, emotion, motivation and personality to determine the mental health status in an individual. Counseling Psychology By the Numbers. Famous Psychologists Allport, Gordon : Gordon Allport's theory of personality development is one of the first humanistic theories. 20 Famous People with Schizophrenia. Famous Psychologists: William Glasser William Glasser, M.D. 61. Professor Robert B. Cialdini’s 1984 book Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion has sold more than two million copies and is on Fortune magazine’s list of the 75 Smartest Business Books. This has become one of the most persuasive systems of learning, and in 1986 it won Rescorla the American Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions. He is the founder of humanistic psychodrama, a form of therapy that involves role reversal. Famous Psychologist: Jean Paiget Jean Piaget is one of the most influential developmental psychologists. To merit this praise, Trivers has contributed four important theories to his field: reciprocal altruism, sex ratio determination, parent-offspring conflict, and parental investment. Foreign Policy magazine included Kahneman in its 2011 list of leading global thinkers. Specialised lists of psychologists can be found at the articles comparative psychology, list of social psychologists and list of cognitive scientists. The resulting “Stanford Prison Experiment” has since become notorious thanks to the cruel and often-inhumane behaviors exhibited by its participants – as well as for ethical questions surrounding the research. Her research focuses on improving weight-loss strategies and explores ways technology can help more people benefit from proven psychological interventions. Ramachandran has received multiple awards and has penned a New York Times bestseller, The Tell Tale Brain. Health psychologists in the U.S. are a rapidly-expanding group, expected to increase in population by 11% nationwide from 2012 to 2022. Cialdini is recognized worldwide as an expert in the areas of compliance, persuasion and negotiation. After many years at Harvard University, Kosslyn moved to Stanford in 2011 and became Director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. Beattie has received the Spearman Medal from the British Psychological Society for “published psychological work of outstanding merit.”. He was also elected to the Society of Experimental Psychologists in 1975, and in 1985 to the United States National Academy of Sciences. He was also honored with the National Medal of Science in 2009. Albert Bandura has been an influential psychologist for nearly 60 years. He has accepted many honors, including the MacArthur Prize Fellowship in 1981 and, more lately, the 2011 Prince of Asturias Award for Social Sciences. In 1968, John Darley and … Let’s celebrate the work of these 10 psychologists famous throughout the world. In 1971 Philip Zimbardo became a professor of psychology at Stanford University. For his contributions to research, Kosslyn has been awarded a National Academy of Sciences Initiatives in Research Award as well as a Guggenheim fellowship, to name just two honors. Seligman is listed as the 13th most quoted 20th-century psychologist in preparatory psychology textbooks, based on a study by Haggbloom et al. Elizabeth Loftus is most widely recognized for her research on the pliability of human recollection, which includes pioneering studies of eyewitness memory, the creation of false memories and recovered memories. Lev Vygotsky was a contemporary of some better-known psychologists including Piaget, Freud, Skinner, and Pavlov, yet his work never achieved the same eminence during his lifetime. He also won the 2005 National Medal for Science, and from 2002 he was ranked 42nd on Haggbloom’s list of the most notable scientists of the 20th century. Its practitioner, a psychologist, may be a specialist in behavioral, social or cognitive science. This list includes notable psychologists and contributors to psychology, some of whom may not have thought of themselves primarily as psychologists but are included here because of their important contributions to the disc.. In 2002 the Behavior Genetics Association honored Plomin with the Dobzhansky Memorial Award for a Lifetime of Outstanding Scholarship in Behavior Genetics. Psychologists are professionals who are well-equipped to treat people with behavioural and personality disorder. The following is a list of the 99 most influential psychologists of the 20th century and their major contribution to the field. Many are from modern times, and continue to make a major impact on the world of psychology, especially among Clinical Psychology Masters students. Elton John Top 15 Online Masters in Counseling Degree Programs, Top 50 Best Online Masters in Psychology Degree Programs, Top 20 Best Online PhD in Psychology Degree Programs, 15 Best Online Master’s in Forensic Psychology Degrees, 30 Most Influential Psychologists Working Today, The Science of Mental Illness (Infographic), The Human Body is a Well-calibrated Timing Machine (Infographic), Facebook Addiction: Is Addiction Affecting Our Minds? Online programs include a BS in Psychology, as well as Master's, PhD, and PsyD programs in over a dozen specialty areas. In addition, the Institute for Scientific Information has ranked him as among the most highly cited authors in psychology and psychiatry, and he has been called one of the 20th century’s top 100 psychologists. But these famous sports psychologists didn’t have an easy ride, sports psychology wasn’t always a well-respected science. Was a “big-picture” person and liked to look at things as a whole [FUNCTIONALISM] Wolfgang KOHLER Researched apes and… Howard Gardner is currently the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education and Senior Director of Harvard Project Zero. Reicher received the British Psychological Society’s Award for Excellence in the Teaching of Psychology for his work on the TV documentary, which is said to have “changed [the] basic understanding of how groups and power work.” The results have been published in textbooks as well as scientific journals. Mischel’s areas of expertise are social psychology and personality theory – specifically the process, development and structure of personality and will power. He pioneered the theories of self-efficacy and social learning. He conducted research on several key topics such as human memory, perception, cognitive development, and learning. But increased self-consciousness can plunge almost anyone into rumination over soured relationships or lost opportunities, psychologists find. He is also a director of the International Consortium of Social and Personality Psychologists. He is currently a professor at the University of Minnesota’s Department of Psychology. He remained in that position until 2013. July 28, 2013, zubair, 1 Comment. Apart from being a psychologist and educator, Seligman is also the author of several bestselling books. His studies of twins and behavior genetics have been influential in ushering genetics into the field of psychology. Now here are a few snapshots of the careers of the most famous psychologists and their most important contributions to the science. He is notable for having developed a cause and effect theory that explains human behavior. Gessmann teaches clinical psychology at the government-owned Nekrassow University Kostroma, where he is also the director of the International Centre for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. List of Influential Psychologists and Therapists Psychologists and psychotherapists impact our lives, shape the way we think, and act as experienced guides as we journey into uncharted territories. Posted On: December 1, 2014 ... Dr. Fredrickson earned her doctorate from Stanford University and focuses on the fields of emotions, mood, health psychology and genetics. Three of his mainstream, non-academic books – The Language Instinct, How the Mind Works, and The Blank Slate – have been honored with prizes. Mischel is an ex-president of the American Psychological Association Division of Social and Personality Psychology, and he is also the former editor of Psychological Review. This theory described the psychological health of a person based on the fulfillment of one’s innate needs in the order of their priority. Click the button below to get mental health help from the famous psychologists today! Skinner was a pioneer of modern behaviourism and one of the most influential and famous psychologists of all time. And she has been a regular guest on TV shows such as The Charlie Rose Show and The Colbert Report. Bruner’s 1956 book A Study of Thinking paved the way for the country’s cognitive psychology movement. Richard Wiseman has the distinction of holding Britain’s only Chair in the Public Understanding of Psychology, at the University of Hertfordshire. During the 1970s and 1980s, Piaget’s work inspired the transformation of European and American education, leading to a more ‘child-centred’ approach. He has also been involved in the making of television documentaries – two about his native Northern Ireland. He is a staunch lobbyist for taxes on both food and soda as a means of encouraging healthier eating in the U.S. Michael Posner is an emeritus professor of psychology at the University of Oregon as well as an adjunct professor at New York’s Weill Medical College (Sackler Institute). Susan Blackmore started out as a parapsychologist and believer in the paranormal. Kelly D. Brownell is an internationally recognized expert on one of today’s most vexing health issues: obesity. Geoffrey Beattie is a psychologist as well as a minor celebrity, known for his many appearances on British television. He is a fellow of the British Psychological Society and he was also the president of the psychology wing of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Child psychology is a decidedly fluid discipline, wherein new discoveries and research are constantly reshaping the clinical landscape. Before it was established as a scientific discipline, the study of psychology was of interest to many great thinkers and philosophers. Derived from ‘psuke-soul’ or ‘breath’ and ‘logos,’ ‘knowledge,’ psychology is the scientific study of the mental discipline and behaviors. 10 Famous Child Psychologists and Their Credentials December 15, 2011. According to a 2002 survey by the Review of General Psychology, Bandura is the fourth most-cited psychologist in history and the most referenced living psychologist. (Infographic), 10 WWII Stamp Forgeries Used as Psychological Warfare. He is also ranked as one of the world’s most preeminent psychotherapists. Beattie’s books We Are The People and The Corner Boys were shortlisted for the Ewart-Biggs Literary Prize. She specializes in the study of how language affects thought and is an authority on developmental psychology and the philosophy of mind. Canadian clinical psychologist, Jordan Peterson, became internationally known in the 2010s for his views on cultural and political issues. Rescorla is now an emeritus professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, where he continues his research into associative learning processes. In 1974, Bandura became one of the youngest ever presidents of the American Psychological Association. A Harvard College scholar, Pinker is the Johnstone Family Professor in Harvard University’s psychology department. Cialdini is Professor Emeritus of Psychology and Marketing at Arizona State University. Some of these thinkers were also philosophers, educators, and therapists. Mischel’s groundbreaking book Personality and Assessment was published in 1968 but was reissued in 1996 owing to an increasing demand for copies. Sternberg’s honors include the Francis Galton Award from the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics. In fact, he is credited with having laid down the very groundwork for sociobiology. Health psychologist Deborah Tate, PhD, studies people’s lifestyle choices to find out what it takes to get people to adopt healthier behaviors that can help prevent chronic disease. Fredrickson’s field is social psychology, and she is at the forefront of research into positive psychology and how positive emotions affect behavior. While some became lightening rods for controversy, all of these thinkers had an impact on the field of psychology. Pinker has also twice been nominated for a Pulitzer. And famous people in … Bower is noted for his research into memory and concept learning. Psychologist Walter Mischel is the Robert Johnston Niven Professor of Humane Letters at Columbia University’s Department of Psychology. Of the many industries that employ counseling … Named by Time magazine as one of its “100 Most Influential People in the World” in 2004, Steven Pinker is among the foremost authorities on language and the mind – particularly in the areas of visual cognition and the psychology of language. Famous Psychologists: B.F. Skinner B. F. Skinner was one of the most influential of American psychologists. In 2004 Loftus was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. And this rank-ordered list is what the journal came up with. She is presently an affiliate professor of psychology and law at the University of Washington as well as a distinguished professor at the University of California, Irvine. Before his appointment at Columbia, he taught at both Harvard and Stanford. Gollwitzer, 1999) could increase its effectiveness by 50 per cent – a very worthwhile gain. Until 2004 his role was that of psychology professor in the psychiatry department at the University of California, San Francisco. Famous Psychologists and Their Theories. She is a consulting editor for the Skeptical Inquirer and a Distinguished Supporter of the British Humanist Association. Jerome Bruner was an American psychologist who played a major role in the development of cognitive psychology and educational psychology. Famous Abnormal Psychologists. Buss currently works as a professor of psychology at The University of Texas at Austin. Kahneman has been awarded various honors for his work, including the American Psychological Association’s Lifetime Achievement Award and the American Psychological Society’s Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award. Furthermore, Ramachandran invented the “mirror box,” which is used to assuage phantom limb pain. Free shipping and returns on In 1979, for his research Bower won the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contribution from the American Psychological Association. Cognitive psychologist Gordon H. Bower is the Albert Ray Lang Professor (Emeritus) at Stanford University’s psychology department. His books... Ivan Pavlov: You probably know this name, Pavlov wasn’t strictly a clinical psychologist. He is currently Professor Emeritus of Psychology and Public Affairs at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School. At Yale, Brownell acts as Director of the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity as well as Professor of Psychology and Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health. They also develop health care strategies that foster emotional and physical well-being. Here is a list of 30 of the most influential psychologists who continue to do groundbreaking and far-reaching work today. 10. Blackmore has also appeared as a TED conference presenter, and on the UK version of Big Brother as a consulting psychologist. At present, Milner’s work is partly focused on how the left and right hemispheres of the brain interact as well as the study of neural pathways involved in the learning of language. (Last Updated On: May 15, 2018) Some of the most famous psychologists in history made important contributions to our understanding of the human mind and behavior. It won’t be incorrect to state that a human being is a complex specie at so many levels but mostly due to the fact that we are an intelligent specie having the ability to think and make decisions. Schizophrenia is a severe, chronic mental health disorder that affects the brain and behavior in about 1 percent of the general population. Buss has garnered many honors throughout his prestigious career, including the G. Stanley Hall Award, which was bestowed on him by the American Psychological Association in 1990. Moreover, he has made important contributions to the fields of American education and was on the educational panel of the President’s Science Advisory Committee during the tenures of both John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson. This is not just true in case of the common people. First of all, the average person associates psychology with the kooky antics on on-screen therapists in various movies and T.V. Beck, Aaron : Aaron Beck is known as the father of cognitive therapy and inventor of the widely used Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), … Alison Gopnik is a professor of psychology and an affiliate professor of philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley. He has been President of the American Psychological Association and has held positions at Yale, Oklahoma State and Tufts universities. Over the last 100 years, though, we have made great strides as a society in understanding what goes on inside the mind. Rather than falling prey to this tendency, Maslow's quote suggests that you try expanding your horizons a bit to learn about new ways of thinking and explore different ways of communicating with others. These days, it has become a popular field, even outside the realm of science. Here is a list of famous psychiatrist doctors. Using this information and a deep knowledge of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders, psychologists are also taking a look at the interaction between mental processes, behaviors and health. Here are five more well-known psychologists: Search 220+ Online Psychology Degree Programs, Why a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology Just Won’t Cut It, 10 Most Famous Clinical Psychologists of All Time, Simple Food Decorating Tips for the Kitchen Newbie, Popular Career Specialties With a Psychology Degree, The Average Salary With a Psychology Degree. 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